Floor Screeding Totton Hampshire (SO40): You should get in touch with a contractor in Totton if you are looking to install under floor heating, have a damaged or uneven floor or are restoring a property or basement. To provide you with a solid base for your choice of top flooring material, screeding is used to produce a smooth floor surface over a rough concrete sub-base. The screeding is a crucial process to ensure a durable and quality finish to the whole floor surface.
FLOOR SCREEDING EXPERTS TOTTON
Whatever shape or size of room or area you're renovating, a local floor screeding specialist in Totton will supply the expertise and proper working methods to establish the perfect base for your flooring. After evaluating your project they will give you advice on the perfect choice of screed and which strategy for laying it is most appropriate for your situation.
It may be a requirement, contingent on the intended use of the area, for a survey by a structural engineer to conform to building regulations on point loadings, load bearing and flex strength of the screed floor.
The training and skills that a screeding specialist brings to your project will guarantee a high quality result and help to extend the lifetime of your floor. A correct mixture of screed and the way it is laid is also critical to ensure the ultimate durability of your floor surface.
Ensure you get more than one price quote for your Totton basedproject and also ask what standard of finish each price quote is for. The Surface Regularity (SR) finish is the figure to keep your eye on when reviewing a quotation from Totton screeding contractors. SR1 is the best level, and while SR2 and SR3 might seem more cost-effective initially, they do not guarantee a perfectly flat or even surface. This means that you may need to fix any areas that could cause problems when putting down your final flooring solution.
The rules and regulations laid down in the British Standards BS8204 must be followed by any Totton floor screeding contractor and they should also hold accreditation with the manufacturers of specialist screeding materials (Gypsol, Cemfloor, Flowcrete etc.) to verify their competence and safe working practices. A contractor holding accreditation indicates they have been assessed and trained in using these screeding products and can deliver a top notch service in all aspects of their installation.
For larger floor screeding projects in hospitals, warehouses, hotels, shopping centres, schools and factories, skilled Totton commercialwill be required.
TYPES OF SCREED
Standard Screeds - Used in domestic projects where the blend of sand and cement is perfectly acceptable for regular floor traffic usage. This mixture uses a five to one ratio of sand to cement. This 5 to 1 ratio standard screed will set hard at a rate of just 1mm per day after laying.
Self-Levelling or Liquid Screeds - When the highest possible standard of finish is necessary this formula of cement and latex is employed to create SR1 level screed flooring. Largely used to improve a poor substrate level or damaged floor in order to lay a brand new flooring surface, like vinyl planks over it. Even with a thickness of just 1mm, the latex polymers within the mixture provide a high strength surface for a wide variety of uses.
Industrial and Heavy Duty Screed - Where levels of traffic are expected to be high or heavy loading on the floor is required, heavy duty screeds allow for maximum durability and strength.
Fast Drying and Advanced Drying Screeds - As the name would suggest, this screed dries rapidly and allows you to use the screeded area much sooner. Most of the fast or advanced drying screeds are fibre reinforced and are ideal for a whole host of flooring projects where the speedier drying rate of three to seven millimetres is a considerable advantage.
Polymer Screeds - When a reduced thickness of floor is necessary due to construction factors, a polymer screed offers an extremely high strength solution to the situation. Manufacturer's guidelines for drying times vary across the product ranges.
Fibre Reinforced Screed - Used mostly with under floor heating and is the favoured choice in these projects. This is because of the increased strength and protection against thermal cracking and shrinkage provided by the special fibres within the screed mix. It sets at the same rate as a standard screed, at about 1mm per day.
SCREEDING PREPARATION AND INSTALLATION
Preparation is vital for a top quality screed surface that will be hard wearing and durable. The original floor surfaces should be cleaned to eradicate any grease, paint, oil and debris which might adversely affect the bond of the screeding.
If any products were used in this process it's important to ensure that no residues of detergents or soaps are left on the floor surface and it's permitted to dry out naturally. If screeding over a stone or cement floor all cracks should be repaired to prevent them from "travelling" up through the screed layer and resulting in imperfections on the final surface. A trustworthy Totton screeding company will take note of such aspects during the site survey and make certain all preparations are complete before moving on to the next steps in the floor screeding process.
To shield the flooring materials and screeding layer from dampness rising up from the ground, a DPM (damp proof membrane) will have to be installed. The damp proof membrane is made out of thick polythene and different layers could be used to serve as a moisture barrier and air insulating layer for the screeding.
If the area where you live is at risk from radon gas then an additional barrier is necessary to prevent this harmful gas from entering via the ground. A simple air-tight membrane could be enough in locations with low emissions of radon, but in more extreme situations there may have to be a more complicated extraction system to block any harmful radon gas.
The final step of the surface preparation process is the spraying or painting of a primer or sealer. Sealers and primers assist with the bonding process and are special applications specifically designed for the type of screed that is being used. These products need trained technicians to apply them in the appropriate proportions by using bespoke equipment, such as airless sprays.
Before the screeding can be poured, any underfloor heating will now be laid out. The underfloor heating system is laid out in the correct pattern and attached firmly to insulation panels to avoid potential movement in the course of the screed installation process. When expertly installed an underfloor heating system is an effective way to warm up a room and high quality screed will retain its heat, creating an even heat across the floor.
Needless to say, if you are not putting in under floor heating, you can just skip this step and get on with applying the screed. Your proposed use of the room will help the screeding company on which form of floor screed is right for your requirements. After the application of the screed there will be a minimum 24 hours (for quick drying screeds) before you can walk over the surface, and a seventy two hour minimum setting period for the laying of any floor coverings. Such timescales will be increased for standard and heavy duty screeds and the manufacture's instructions should be followed to the letter to achieve the optimal finish and longevity of the floor.
As soon as the screed has set it can be quality checked to confirm its SR standard. The basic SR test involves the use of a 2 metre straight edge to check for any fluctuations in the floor surface.
- SR1 - Over the whole screed area, if there are no disparities of more than three millimetres from the straight-edge, then you've got a top quality SR1 standard surface.
- SR2 - If the screeded floor has a deviation from the straight-edge of 5mm or less it is classified as SR2 level and is the standard for commercial and industrial floors.
- SR3 - If the deviation around the room is 10mm or less the quality of the screeding is specified as SR3 and is highly suitable for garage and utility areas.
If your screed has been installed with specific loading in mind then a qualified structural engineer is going to be needed to carry out tests. The testing will ensure your new screeded surface is suitable for the load bearing requirements set down in the original site survey. This should include a drop hammer test which records specific data on the flexibility and strength of the screed. The specialist testing and measurement tools mean this can only be carried out by a fully qualified structural engineer observing the guidelines of the British Standards BS8204. (Tags: Floor Screeding Services Totton, Screeding Totton, Floor Screeding Totton, Floor Screed Totton).
Latex Floor Screed Totton
It is best to use a latex self-levelling screeding when a certain amount of flexibility is required in the surface of a floor. A latex floor screed comes in two parts, a bottle and a bag, with the bag containing a cement based compound, and the bottle containing a liquid latex. The latex liquid solution takes the place of the water that is used in other types of screed, meaning that it's quicker drying and more flexible.
Before the installation of the final decorative surface, this latex product is used for levelling-out subfloors. Suitable for substrate of asphalt, sand/cement, stone tiles, wood and concrete, this screeding gives a perfect surface for the application of flooring adhesives that is durable and smooth. If your subfloor has a bit of movement in it, this type of latex floor screed will still produce a flexible, crack-free finish, upon which your chosen floor coverings can sit.
With a "floating" screed, for instance when a screed is being laid on the top of a membrane of either thermal or acoustic insulation, latex floor screeds won't be appropriate. Floating screeds with a thickness of 50mm-65mm are usually used on top of underfloor heating.
Coloured Floor Screeds
Commercial or industrial settings often use multi-coloured floor screeds as a flooring material. A combination of coloured resins, aggregates, and sealers is used to create these screeds, resulting in a decorative and distinctive finish. Due to their durability and slip resistance, they are frequently employed in areas with heavy footfall or machinery.
The branding of a business or the desired visual effect in a space can be achieved by customising. Their ease of cleaning and maintenance makes them a sought-after option for facilities that demand a high level of hygiene. The ability to select aggregates based on size, shape, and colour in coloured floor screeds gives designers and architects the flexibility to create bespoke flooring designs that meet their project requirements. All in all, multi-coloured floor screeds are a flooring solution that can add function and style to any industrial or commercial space, making them a practical and versatile choice.
Improving the strength and durability of concrete screeds can be achieved by using. Applying flat, thin layers of concrete to a base layer is the method used to create level surfaces, which are called screeds. As flooring, they are frequently utilised in building projects, but they can also serve as a finishing layer for walls and ceilings.
To prevent cracking and improve the strength of the screed, reinforcement materials such as fibres, wire or steel mesh are embedded within the screed mixture during the installation process. Reinforcement aids in the even distribution of weight and load on the surface, while also improving its resistance to impact, thermal changes and abrasion.
In addition to increasing the durability and strength of screeds, reinforcement decreases the likelihood of cracking and shrinkage caused by changes in humidity or temperature. The kind of reinforcement material used may vary depending on the particular requirements of the project, and can be selected based on factors such as thickness, finish and load capacity. Even distribution throughout the screed and avoiding displacement over time are dependent on the proper installation of the reinforcement, which is essential. With the use of screed reinforcement, screeding specialists can ensure that their projects are built to withstand the test of time and provide a functional and high-quality surface for years to come.
Granolithic Screeding Totton
is an extremely popular flooring material that is widely used in heavy-duty environments because of its strength and durability. It's made from a mixture of aggregate, cement, sand, and sometimes pigments, which are combined to form a mortar-like mixture. The mixture is poured onto the floor and then smoothed out to an even, level surface.
Granolithic screeding is usually used in commercial and industrial buildings and also in high-traffic areas in residential buildings. It is also commonly used in areas where abrasion and chemical resistance are necessary. The resulting surface is smooth and hard, which makes it easy to maintain and clean, and provides a perfect base for other flooring materials.
The granolithic screeding process involves a number of steps, including preparing the concrete base, blending of the screed mixture, laying of the mixture, and curing of the screed. Correct mixing, application and curing methods are important to guarantee the durability and strength of the final surface. Furthermore, the screed should be allowed to fully cure before any further flooring materials are laid over it.
Floor Screeding Near Totton
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Screeding Related Tasks
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